Climate Responsive Architecture

Climate Responsive Architecture

Deepthi Deepu

  3. 3. RESPONSIVEResponsive The exteriorarchitecture might be tuned in to- responding the wind, sunlight, rainfall, temperatureto climate, etc (macro); using nature whilst the inside could interactas an digitally utilizing the users (micro); example
  4. 4. CLIMATE…??? Climate encompasses the data of• Temperature• moisture• atmospheric stress• wind• precipitation• atmospheric particle count as well as other meteorological elemental dimensions in a provided area over long stretches.
  5. 5. MEANING SIMPLY SPEAKING! • Climate (from ancient greek language klima, meaning inclination) is often understood to be the elements averaged over a lengthy period. • The standard averaging duration is three decades
  6. 6. ENVIRONMENT AND WEATHER• The distinction between climate and weather is just a measure of the time. • Climate is really what conditions for the atmosphere are over a little while of the time|period that is short of, and weather is exactly how a environment «behaves» over reasonably extended periods of time.
  7. 7. ENVIRONMENT & COMFORT• The environment of a place is suffering from its latitude, altitude and terrain, in addition to nearby vegetation, water figures and their currents. • Environment affects the interior weather and peoples thermal convenience.
  8. 8. THERMAL COMFORT.? O Comfort means the feeling of complete real and mental well being. O Thermal neutrality, where a specific desires neither a warmer nor a cooler environment, is really a necessary condition for thermal convenience. N The factors comfort that is affecting split into individual factors: ? activity ? Clothingn and ecological factors, ? air temperature, ? mean radiant temperature ? atmosphere velocity ? atmosphere moisture
  9. 9. The typical atmosphere heat through the flooring at a height of 1.1 m. N suggest Radiant Temperature the typical heat for the surrounding surfaces, which include the consequence associated with the event solar radiation. N THERMAL COMFORT– ECOLOGICAL VARIABLESn Temperature Air Velocity Which impacts heat that is convective through the human body, in other words. Atmosphere at velocity will appear cooler. N Air Humidity Which impacts the heat that is latent and has now a specially essential effect in warm and humid surroundings
  10. 10. COMPONENTS OF CLIMATEO The most significant components of environment and climate parameters that affect human being convenience and so are strongly related building design are: • Solar Radiation• Long wave Radiation• Temperature• Humidity• Wind• Precipitation
  11. 11. Building height combinations to control winds(a), (b) and sunshine (c), (d) along roads.
  12. 12. WINDExamples of various wind strategies in building design forcold (a), (b) and hot (c) and (d) climates
  13. 13. 6 ENVIRONMENT FACTORSI. Latitude IV. Hill BarriersII. Altitude V. Ocean CurrentsIII. Land — Liquid VI. Prevailing Winds Relationship
  14. 14. LatitudeI. Latitude — Distance north or south of this equator A. Minimal — hot to hot B. Center — regular C. Tall — Polar (cool to cool)
  15. 15. *Latitude impacts EACH SPOT regarding the Earth*
  16. 16. AltitudeII. Altitude — Height above ocean degree A. In hill areas, you can find major differences that are climatic the base towards the top. B. As air rises, the ability is lost by it to carry temperature. It gets 1 F colder 300-400 ft. You increase.
  17. 17. Altitude Snow Cap Tree LineSea Level * Altitude impacts if over 5,000 ft*
  18. 18. Land-Water RelationshipIII. Land-Water Relationship A. A big human body of water has a tendency to create a mild or climate that is moderate. (very change that is little B. A human anatomy of water gets hotter and cools down slow than the usual land mass C. Wind assumes the temp. Regarding the area it passes over and carries that temp. Along with it.
  19. 19. Land-Water Union LANDOCEAN
  20. 20. Hill BarriersIV. Mountain Barriers — Cause climates that are different contrary sides of hill. A. Moisture holding winds must increase getting over mountains. B. Air cools as it rises, losing power to put on water causing rainfall in the windward side C. This actually leaves no dampness when it comes to side that is leeward a wilderness.
  21. 21. Hill Barriers NO RAIN WINDWARD SIDE Less rainfall LEEWARD SIDE Less Rain Rain WIND Cascade Mts 5,000 ft. Dry Spokane, WAOcean Seattle, WA 12 in. Rain per(80 in year. Rain each year)
  22. 22. Ocean CurrentsV. Ocean Currents — streams of water that move through the ocean. A. They assume the heat associated with water which they pass over and carry that temperature. B. Wind moving over the must that is current near the land mass to possess an effect.
  23. 23. Warm CurrentsLAND OCEANCauses Warm And MoistClimate (RainForest)
  24. 24. Cold Currents OCEANLANDCauses Cool And DryClimate(Desert)
  25. 25. Current WindsVI. Prevailing Winds — Winds that blow most frequently in various areas of our planet. A. Wind blows because: 1. Air land that is over warm 2. Cooler air techniques in from surrounding areas to displace increasing atmosphere 3. The air that is cool heated and procedure repeats
  26. 26. Prevailing Winds Minimal Stress Ruthless L H Cool Air DescendsWarm Air RisesWarm Land Mass Cool Land Mass or Liquid
  27. 27. ENVIRONMENT RESPONSIVE DESIGN• Climate design is blendr free that is responsive in line with the means a building type and framework moderates the environment for human effective and well being. • Climate responsive design in structures takes into consideration climatic parameters which may have direct influence on interior thermal convenience and power usage in buildings: • The air temperature, • The humidity, • The prevailing wind way and speed, • The level of solar radiation plus the path that is solar. • Long wave radiation between other structures in addition to surrounding environment and sky additionally plays a significant part in building performance.
  28. 28. PROJECT ENVIRONMENT EVALUATION• Every task starts by having a careful assessment of just what a project’s environment capital provides. • We must comprehend the resources readily available for all of us against and make the most of – whether that is solar, wind, heat, moisture or rainfall.
  29. 29. 1. PERFORM A NICHE SITE ANALYSIS• Determine the current weather habits, environment, soil kinds, wind speed and direction, warming level times and course regarding the sunlight. Consider the water moves, habitat and geology associated with the website. Document each with a seasoned group of specialists to comprehend the effects of building for the reason that place that is specific.
  30. 30. 2. LAYOUT THE BUILDING ON THE SITE. • Using the program that is general via an integrative group procedure, work with a basic massing of this building design to find out especially the many optimal location for the building to be situated. Things to consider listed below are usage of infrastructure, staying in least 100 foot away from any watershed, maybe not building inside a floodplain and/or in a habitat with endangered types. Ask: just what woods as well as other existing geological features should be prevented? So how exactly does water movement across the website influence the positioning associated with building?
  31. 31. IT’S ABOUT THE SUNLIGHT — ORIENT THE BUILDING ABOUT CARDINAL DIRECTIONS. • listed here is to maximise the actual quantity of sun that warms the space into the cold weather (hence making use of less power to mechanically warm) and reduce steadily the amount of sunlight that chefs during summer (ergo utilizing less power to mechanically cool).
  32. 32. Select the window that is appropriate and glazing kinds based on orientation • Southern dealing with facades should utilize a window area appropriate to its orientation and glazing should start using a dual or triple paned cup with a reduced- age finish to attenuate the quantity of temperature sent to the area into the latest months, while maintaining temperature in during the cooler winter season. • as an example, a south facing glass screen wall surface will prepare the occupants in during the hot summer season if care just isn’t taken with this facade.
  33. 33. Building envelope design differs significantly by geographical area. • When making the envelope of this building, factors insulation, vapour obstacles and atmosphere obstacles will change radically based on if the project is within the cool, snowy north, the hot and humid south or the desert that is arid.
  34. 34. Design for natural ventilation. • Since hot air rises, a building may be cooled by creating for stack air flow by drawing cooler atmosphere from spaces lower within the building, while holding temperature away through openings when you look at the area. • The price of which the atmosphere moves is just a function regarding the distance that is vertical the inlets and outlets, their size therefore the difference between heat on the height associated with space.
  36. 36. WEBSITE ADDRESS/ VENUE: FaridabadCLIMATIC ZONE: CompositeBUILDING TYPE: ResidentialARCHITECTS: Dr Arvind Krishan and Kunal JainPROJECT STATUS: Completed

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